|Angela Yeboah||Shaw, Irwin: Rich Man, Poor Man|
|Assignment 1: Bibliographic Description|
|1. First Edition Publication Information||This book was published by Delacorte Press in New York in 1969.|
|2. First Edition in Cloth, Paper, or Both?||The first edition of this book was published in cloth.|
|4. Pagination||This book has 723 pages. It is numbered from 3-723.It has five unnumbered pages all of which appear previous to page 3. This book has 364 leaves.|
|5. Edited and/or Introduced?||This book was neither edited nor introduced.|
|6. Illustrated?||This book is not illustrated|
|8. General Appearance||The paper used for this book isn't thin or flimsy. The typed words are easy to read because they are not tiny. The paragraphs are evenly spaced so that the pages do not look cluttered.|
|9. Image of Sample Chapter Page||A1919990226215938.jpg|
|10. Description of Paper||The paper used for this book seems to be in pretty good shape. The paper is not thin. It is strong and sturdy. It does not rip easily when tugged on. The paper is 5.5 by 8.5 inches.|
|11. Description of Binding||Unable to find original binding of book. If you have any problems refer to John Unsworth.|
|12. Title Page Transcription||The title page has Irwin Shaw in bold letters along with the title of the book. The title page looks pretty good. The words are big and bold and in fancy writing.|
|13. Image of Title Page||A11319990226215938.jpg|
|14. Manuscript Holdings||Brooklyn College Library, Pierpont Morgan Library, Mugar Memorial Library, Boston University|
|15. Other||This book is dedicated to Irwin Shaw's son. Portions of this book appeared in Playboy. Irwin Shaw wrote novels, short stories, plays, and nonfiction. His novels include Voices of a Summer Day, The Young Lions, The Troubled Air. His short story collections include Sailor Off the Bremen, Welcome to the City, Act of Faith. His plays include "Bury the Dead", "The Gentle People", "Sons and Soldiers". His nonfiction book is called In the Company of Dolphins.|
|Assignment 2: Publication History|
|1. Other Editions:||The publisher issued the book in the Book Club Edition, New Dell Edition.|
|4. First Edition printings or impressions?||N/A at the present time.|
|5. Editions from other publishers?||New Edition-London,New English Library,1976 and 1970|
|6. Last date in print?||1996|
|7. Total copies sold?||5,689,545|
|8. Sales by year?||N/A|
|9. Advertising copy:||I was able to locate a couple of advertisements in Publisher's Weekly vol.198 and 199.|
|10. Image of sample advertisement||A21019990503103913.jpg|
|11. Other promotion?||n/a|
|12. Performances in other media?||Television Series- Book I and Book II 1976(Rich Man, Poor Man)|
|13. Translations?||1.Author-Irwin Shaw
Title-Le Riche et le pauvre
Pub-Paris:Presses de la Citae 1971(french)
Title-Pogoda dla bogaczy
Pub-Ketowice Poland wydawnictwo "Ksinacznica" 1996(polish)
Title-Fu jen, Chiung jen
Pub-Pei-ching: Wai kuo wen hseueh chu pan she, 1982(chinese)
Title-Hombre rico,hombre pobre
Pub.-Barcelona:Plaza and Janaes(spanish)
Pub-Moskva:Izdatelskiai dom "Drofa?" TOO "Bibliopolis" 1993(russian)
Pub.-Jyveaskylea: Gummerus, 1970(scandanavian)
|15. Sequels or Prequels?||The Beggarman Thief published in 1977 is said to be the prequel to Rich Man, Poor Man.|
|Assignment 3: Brief Biography|
|Irwin Shaw was known as the man with the big laugh with extraordinary warmth that brought life to everyone and everything. He was a hard worker with such discipline that in his last years of existence he would wake up at 6:00a.m. to work out several pages of his next novel. He was also known to be miraculously uncomplicated, and delighted at the people and food he was seeing. He was born in South Bronx, New York on February 27, 1913 as Irwin Gilbert Shamforoff to William and Rose Shamforoff. Irwin’s parents espoused Jewish family values yet they were determined to become assimilated Americans in every sense. They even made a conscious decision not to speak yiddish in the house. Irwin’s father decided to amend the family name to Shaw. Irwin on the other hand detested that idea and kept Shamforoff through high school. He was so smart in elementary school that he skipped a grade and was sent to an advanced junior high school program. Then he skipped another grade by doing two years work in one. The beginning of his writing career started as a reporter for the school newspaper. This endeavor would last throughout his high school and then his college career. By the age of 14 he had written over a hundred short stories. He entered Brooklyn College in 1929. He was asked to leave after his freshman term due to poor grades. He came back to Brooklyn College after passing the entrance exams and earned his Bachelor’s in English in 1934. After graduating from college he looked for many newspaper jobs but was unsuccessful and he ended up writing for a radio station. His radio career landed him a job as screen writer for many plays. His first successful play was "Bury the Dead." He was 23 at this time. This script launched his screen writing career to great heights. He moved to Hollywood to do some screen plays where he met his wife Marian Edwards. He married her in 1934 and they had a son by the name of Adam. Shaw then went on to write other plays such as "The Big Game," "Siege," "Second Mortgage," "The Gentle People," "Quiet City," "Retreat to Pleasure," "The Shy and the Lonely," "Sons and Soldiers," "The Assassin," "The Survivors," "Patate," "Children From Their Games," "In the French Style," and "A Choice of Wars." Shaw also wrote for The New Yorker magazine. He encountered many editors while working for The New Yorker, Saxe Commins, Bernard Cerf, and William Maxwell. Some of his best known articles were "The Girls in Their Summer Dresses," "Sailor Off The Bremen" and "The Eighty-Yard Run." His first novel The Young Lions was published in 1949. His other novels include The Troubled Air, Lucy Crown, Two Weeks in Another Town, Voices of a Summer Day, Rich Man, Poor Man, Evening in Byzantium, Nightwork, Beggarman, The Top of the Hill, Bread Upon the Waters, and Acceptable Losses. He spent his last years at Klosters in the Swiss Alps. He died at the age of 70 of prostate cancer and its complications in a hospital room in Davos, the next town down the valley of Klosters. At the time of his death, every one of Shaw’s novels was in print. Fourteen million hard and soft cover copies. Twenty-five languages, including Icelandic and Macedonian.|
|During the 1960’s Irwin Shaw wrote two novels. Two Weeks in Another Town and Voices of a Summer Day. These two novels were compared unfavorably with his short stories of the 1930’s and 1940’s but at his peak some of his work could be compared to Ernest Hemmingway. Irwin Shaw has gained a considerable amount of respect from his audience after the release of Rich Man, Poor Man in 1970. The book was well received by the reviews. "Shaw develops his characters in such a human life like way that the reader feel he knows them. Emotions such as anger, anxiety, fear love, joy, pathos, and sympathy come alive and are real. The book provides food for thought. Shaw has a direct, unadorned style that makes reading a pleasure with literary skill, he fashions a work of merit and substance." (D.F. Sharpe of The Atlantic Review) He also went as far as to recommend the book for any reading list. Some critics considered the book very cliché but Shaw’s writing was able to make it a success. "Although he has not really ripened as an observer of character or the times his old superb skills have not failed him. He can breathe a glimmer of life onto the tarnished surfaces of chiche as seductively as any writer I can think of ."(R.V. Cassill- Book World) One of the best reviews that I encountered came from the New York Times Book Review. "A wealth of know-how has gone into the fictional creation, even today, few of our younger technicians can beat Irwin Shaw’s expertise. He whisks us off from a standing start to a velocity well beyond familiar limits. His pace doesn’t slacken for chapter after chapter. Though it finally runs down on page 723 it could go on for a thousand more. It’s a book you can’t put down." Reading these reviews, it seemed as if Shaw’s writing techniques were constantly being compared to those of the younger generation but Shaw came out on top for the most part. He was praised for his keen development of characters and narrative style. "The scope is big, the characters well developed." (America) Though he gained enthusiastic reviews from most of the critics. There were others such as the Library Journal who weren’t so enthusiastic. "This Book is a genuine disappointment for Shaw readers…it is an uneven, sprawling, contrived narrative of three unsympathetic characters, However Shaw’s name will create a demand." Rich,Man Poor,Man proved to be a success and continues to be one of Shaw's greatest novels.|
|There are many components that go into creating a bestseller. The subject matter, whether it is love,work, or family are important. The time that the book is published is important as well depending on the events that are going on, and finally the author's name and reputation. Family and work seem to be a constant anectdote in bestsellers. As long as these two themes exist people will continue to write and read about them. Irwing Shaw had demonstrated the idea of family, work, love and social problems in the United States in his Bestselling book Rich Man, Poor Man. Irwin Shaw saw the significance of not only writing about work and the American family but also war. He was most commonly known for writing about his experiences which were a culmination of wartime stories like The Young Lions which he wrote in the 1940‘ sHe also liked taking events that occurred in his life and incorporating them into his characters. He often used this style in Rich Man Poor Man. |
Rich Man Poor Man is a family chronicle that tells the story of three children. Axel Jordache, the father is a baker in a small town by the name of Port Phillip on the Hudson River. The family is a representation of any family in America. There is a mother, father, two sons and a daughter. The mother plays the role of the typical wife. She takes care of the home and helps out her husband in the shop. The husband is the bread winner who works long hard hours to make ends meet. One of the sons Thomas is a ne’er do-well who uses his physical strengths to become a prize fighter. The other son, Rudolph is the mother’s bright hope who uses his intelligence to become a successful businessman. Then finally there is the daughter Gretchen who achieves a theatrical career after being seduced by the local mill-owner.
The novel starts out in the mid 1940’s and ends in the 1970’s. Irwin Shaw does a great job in displaying the transition from one era to another. He uses a lot of historical background to make the novel more relevant to the readers. The novel is essentially a product of its times. The plot parallels the news. The novel deals with World War II, all the presidents from the 1940’s to 1970’s, and the McCarthy era. The book hit the bestseller’s list in 1971, a decade after the decade of protests, 1960’s. At the time that the book became a bestseller the country was looking for direction. Whenever there is confusion in the country, people tend to revert and look in the past for answers. They may or may have offered ways for the country to deal with the many different changes that occurred during the 1970’s but it showed them ways in which the country had developed over the years. Being a soldier himself, Shaw showed both the negative and the positive effects of war on the family and the country as a nation in the book. Here again Shaw is not being preachy but showing all sides of a particular event. The novel shows the effect of these events on Americans through the Jordache family. These events are also a part of every American family and will never be forgotten no matter how old the book becomes.
Another reason for the book's popularity is the fact that it dealt with family issues that most people, not just Americans, could understand. Everyone has a family or at least comes from one. There are problems between parents and children and sibling rivalry. Shaw has a preoccupation with the family and it is evident throughout all of his novels. In Lucy Crown he wanted to analyze in an allegorical way, how one family would weather the years with two such different offspring. He also did the same thing with Rich Man Poor Man.
Irwin Shaw did well in portraying the two sides of Rudolph and Thomas. One isn’t virtuous while the other is evil. Each brother in fact tries to make the right moral decision at every turn. The choices are different only because the brothers’ characters and circumstances are different. The novel points out that morality is shaped not by society but by the influence of the family. Shaw tells all sides and sympathizes with each. In doing this, the book comes across not looking like it’s preachy. Shaw introduces his characters, simply lets the readers know how they live, the he let’s the reader run with the rest, allowing the reader independence to formulate his/her own opinions about the characters and their life styles.
The book is also successful because it is very easy to read and understand. The plot is very simple and looks familiar because it’s the cliché story about how the American family must struggle to survive during turmoil. The characters were people who could easily be understoobd by the readers. Readers could also sympathize with them because they were either like them or they new someone like their kind. The characters were believable. Nor were their life experiences very different from most people’s. In the beginning of the book, the first character that is introduced is Rudolph. Rudolph is a fifteen year old boy who has dreams of making it one day and being able to have everything that he wants. Like most fifteen year olds he has dreams of having a life much better than his own. Rudolph also can’t wait to leave the house so that he does not have to hear his father’s constant nagging. As a reader I saw a lot of myself in Rudolph which made the book more enjoyable. For instance, in my family,I
would be considered the "Rudolph" character because I know that education is the only way for me to make money and have what I want in life. My sister would be considered the "Thomas" of my family because she is not as serious about her education as I nor does she listen to authority. This scenario occurs in a lot of families in which both kids raised by the same parents but they turn out very different.
The book is also very interesting. Though it is historical, it reads like a soap opera. The reader identifies with a character or characters and continues reading to find out what will become of that particular character. The reviews that I read spoke of Shaw’s great development of the characters. One reviewer commented, "Shaw develops his characters in such a human, lifelike way that the reader feels he knows them. Emotions such as anger, anxiety, fear, love, joy, pathos, and sympathy come alive and are real." (D.F. Sharpe). I found this to be very true. As I read Gretchen’s description and some of the events that she had endured I couldn’t put the book down. Her character, like most women, had issues with sex because of the way she had been raised and her mother’s influence. Her mother never gave her a strict lecture about sex but she would make comments about how a woman’s purity is the best thing she could possess. Her mother felt that "corruption lay in the touch of a man." Her father would make comments about how she should not allow the soldiers that she worked with to lay their hands on her because he did not "have room to build a nursery." She had very ill feelings about sex and felt embarrassed by discussions about sex. Girls are often made to feel as if they shouldn’t partake in the discussion of sex because it is unladylike. This is an aspect about growing up that a lot of women can relate to. This made her character even more realistic and easier for me to relate to her. This issue with women and sex is something that is prevalent no matter what time or decade we are in. Irwin Shaw did a great job with making the problems that the family encountered transferable throughout the times.
Another reason for the books success was Irwin Shaw’s notoriety and success from his other novels. He was a well-know author when he published Rich Man Poor Man. He had fans and had established credibility so his book had a better chance of achieving a positive reception from readers. In one of the reviews that I read, the reviewer wasn’t pleased with the book at all but he commented on the fact that the book would sell because it was Irwin Shaw. He said, "This book is a genuine disappointment for Shaw readers…an uneven, sprawling, contrived narrative of three unsympathetic characters, however Shaw’s name will create a demand." This is what I refer to as the "Stephen King disease." Although Irwin Shaw isn’t at Stephen King’s level of achievement, he can pull off sales because of his name.
One reviewer, Jonathan Yardley of the Washington Post, called Irwin Shaw’s writing "Middlebrow fiction." This is by no means intended to be an insult. He saw Shaw as a professional writer with standards whose novels and stories were intended to entertain. He also called Shaw a "popular" writer but he could hold his head high in polite company and indeed was revered as a personal and professional example, by many writers with larger literary reputations than his own. Shaw’s writings were so entertaining that some of them, including Rich Man Poor Man, were made into television movies. Television had been responsible for revitalizing Shaw’s literary career. Rich Man Poor Man had been a respectable bestseller when it was first published in 1970. It stayed on the New York Times Bestseller list for thirty-three weeks. The miniseries six years later made his name popular to the younger generations. Though Shaw achieved a great deal of success with Rich Man Poor Man, one critic said, "If Shaw had died in the 1950’s, his place as one of America’s finest writers of the thirties and forties would have been far more secure. As a playwright he would have been mentioned in the same breath as Clifford Odets and William Sarotan. As a writer of short stories he would have been ranked unquestionably with John Cheever, John O’Hara and J.D.Salinger. Along with James Jones and Norman Mailer."
When comparing Rich Man Poor Man to other bestsellers, Rich Man Poor Man had all the qualities of a bestseller. The characters were well developed, the story was easy to understand, the plot mimicked history and familiar events that are relative to our lives, and most importantly the book was interesting and enjoyable. It was reading that made the reader examine his/her life and society but at the same time it did not preach to him. In the words of W.G. Rogers of the New York Times Book Review, "He whisks us off from a standing start to a velocity well beyond familiar limits. His pace doesn’t slacken for chapter after chapter. Incidents lead to incident and they are uncommonly appealing. You don’t really catch your breath until…well until you ask yourself what it’s all about…though it finally runs down on page 723 it could go on for a thousand more….this is exciting reading. It is a book you can’t put down…."
Graduate School of Library and Information Science
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